The fundamental property of the brain to adapt is known as neuroplasticity. The nerve cells, or neurons, are changeable (or plastic) in their character. The brain is always learning how to learn. It creates new pathways and augments older pathways.
We can navigate through a forest more efficiently through the traveled path. We will continue to use that path until a fallen tree or other obstacle causes us to change direction and then we seek an alternative route to reach the same destination. The brain works in a similar way and, with repetition, will find an alternative pathway to accomplish the same task.
If certain parts of the brain fail to operate optimally, then other parts can take over. The brain is constantly adapting itself. The brain’s property of adaptation allows for greater creativity and receptiveness to learning, even into adulthood. Adaptation is a fundamental function of neuroplasticity.